The conservation of rain water during the monsoons for re-routing alter makes it necessary to understand the various ways by which the water full of dust, sediments and contaminants can be effectively filtered. There are many natural and synthetic materials that have been in use for centuries to filter water and make it usable and at times, consumable also. Among the various methods and materials is the use of a chamber filled with gravel and sand to remove suspended pollutants in rain water. The filter unit materials like fiber, sand and gravel effectively removes debris from the collected rain water.
The water is then routed to a storage tank, where it is allowed to stand and be put to use at a later date and time. Many societies had long before discovered the filtration characteristics of charcoal that was added as additional filtration in a rain water processing unit. The charcoal filter is easy to access and the natural material can be sourced from any local outlet. There are sand filters that are not only easy to sue and install, but also inexpensive to construct and employed to remove suspended contaminants like silt and clay.
The sand water filtration systems are also very effective in removing microorganisms from the water. The sand water filtration systems are also constructed domestically and integrated within the designs of the rain water harvesting systems. The multiple water filtration systems include the use of pebbles and gravels, and micro fine meshing at the outflow or re-routing side of the rain water harvesting system. The use of natural materials within the water filtration systems enable access to water that is sediment free and many a times, even consumable, depending of course on the source.
The concentric chambers or filtration layers that are in built in the rain water harvesting systems can be reinforced in performance with the help of a few chlorine tablets. There are many water filtration systems that also incorporate the use of sponges. The sponge makes the retaining of sediments easier and more effective. The sponge simplifies the cleaning process and the rain water thus obtained enables many societies that live in the arid areas to access drinking water throughout the year. However, it is up to the customer to decide on the design of the rain water harvesting storage facility and the filtration technique to be fitted within.
The techniques could be researched upon and then adopted. The filtration requirement largely depends on the use that the stored water is to be put to. The water filtration systems are accessible for detailed viewing online and the graphics even display the exact working conditions of the system on installation. The water filtration systems have contributed to the availability of safe drinking water in many coastal pockets around the world. The rain water harvesting storage facilities come with in built water filtration systems that can be further customized to the specific need of the client or community. The systems are designed to be incorporated within the existent engineering of the storage systems. The manufacturers of the water filtration systems are sensitive to the need to access safe water.
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